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Groundnut (Apios americana)

Groundnut (Apios americana)

Regular price $10.00 CAD
Regular price Sale price $10.00 CAD
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Local Pickup Available in Harrop, BC

3-5 Tubers 

The American Groundnut, or Apios americana, is a perennial vine native to North America, revered for its nutritional and aesthetic contributions to edible landscapes. This plant, deeply rooted in the history of Indigenous peoples and early European settlers, is characterized by its adaptability and ease of growing.

Apios americana flourishes in moist, well-drained soils, often found along the fringes of wetlands and woodlands. It exhibits a twining growth habit with compound leaves that impart a verdant, dense foliage to garden spaces. In late summer, the plant is adorned with attractive, fragrant flowers of a purplish-brown hue, enhancing its ornamental value.

The groundnut is primarily cultivated for its edible tubers, which are a rich source of protein and carbohydrates. These tubers, with their nutty, potato-like flavor, are typically harvested in the fall and are a versatile culinary ingredient. Additionally, the plant produces edible beans, though they are less commonly utilized.

In the realm of edible landscaping, Apios americana is an exemplary choice. Its vining nature allows for creative use in vertical gardening, making it ideal for trellises or fences, especially in space-constrained areas. The plant's compatibility with various other plants makes it suitable for companion planting, contributing to the biodiversity of the garden.

Beyond its culinary and aesthetic appeal, Apios americana offers ecological benefits. As a nitrogen-fixing plant, it plays a role in enhancing soil fertility, thereby supporting the health of surrounding flora. This low-maintenance vine, once established, requires minimal upkeep, making it a practical and rewarding addition to both ornamental and edible gardens.

The American Groundnut, with its combination of beauty, utility, and ecological value, stands as a excellent choice for gardeners seeking to integrate edible elements into their landscapes without compromising on visual appeal.

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The Tree

Height at maturity:Climbs at least 20 feet up but can be a ground cover too

Hardiness Zone:

3

Water Requirements:

Medium

Years to bear:

1

Solar:

Shade-to part sun

Pollination:

not necessary for tuber production

Soil:

-Prefers rich moist soil

The Benefits

-Fixes Nitrogen
-Edible Tuber
-Vine Layer

Additional info

-Staple food crop for indigenous folks in Eastern North America
-Can be grown on a trellis or as a ground cover
-Cook them like potatoes